Emergency Services Sector

Sector Overview

The Emergency Services Sector (ESS) is a community of millions of highly-skilled, trained personnel, along with the physical and cyber resources, that provide a wide range of prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery services during both day-to-day operations and incident response. The ESS includes geographically distributed facilities and equipment in both paid and volunteer capacities organized primarily at the federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial levels of government, such as city police departments and fire stations, county sheriff’s offices, Department of Defense police and fire departments, and town public works departments. The ESS also includes private sector resources, such as industrial fire departments, private security organizations, and private emergency medical services providers.

Five distinct disciplines compose the ESS, encompassing a wide range of emergency response functions and roles:

• Law EnforcementFire and Rescue Services
• Emergency Medical Services
• Emergency Management
• Public Works

The ESS also provides specialized emergency services through individual personnel and teams. These specialized capabilities may be found in one or more various disciplines, depending on the jurisdiction:

• Tactical Teams (i.e., SWAT)
• Hazardous Devices Team/Public Safety Bomb Disposal
• Public Safety Dive Teams/Maritime Units
• Canine Units
• Aviation Units (i.e., police and medevac helicopters)
• Hazardous Materials (i.e., HAZMAT)
• Search and Rescue Teams
• Public Safety Answering Points (i.e., 9-1-1 call centers)
• Fusion Centers
• Private Security Guard Forces
• National Guard Civil Support